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Summary  |  Proposal  |  Detail (Summary & Proposal)  |  Nominations
JSRs: Java Specification Requests
JSR 318: Enterprise JavaBeansTM 3.1/Interceptors 1.2

Stage Access Start Finish
Maintenance Release 3 Download page 18 Aug, 2017  
Maintenance Review Ballot View results 27 Jun, 2017 10 Jul, 2017
Maintenance Draft Review 3 Download page 25 May, 2017 24 Jun, 2017
Maintenance Release 2 Download page 12 Jun, 2013  
Maintenance Draft Review 2 Download page 28 Feb, 2013 14 Apr, 2013
Maintenance Release Download page 07 Dec, 2010  
Maintenance Draft Review Download page 18 Oct, 2010 17 Nov, 2010
Final Release Download page 10 Dec, 2009  
Final Approval Ballot View results 17 Nov, 2009 30 Nov, 2009
Proposed Final Draft Download page 06 Mar, 2009  
Public Review Ballot View results 28 Oct, 2008 03 Nov, 2008
Public Review Download page 01 Oct, 2008 03 Nov, 2008
Early Draft Review Download page 29 Feb, 2008 30 Mar, 2008
Expert Group Formation   01 Aug, 2007  
JSR Review Ballot View results 17 Jul, 2007 30 Jul, 2007
Status: Maintenance
JCP version in use: 2.10
Java Specification Participation Agreement version in use: 2.0

Enterprise JavaBeans is an architecture for the development and deployment of component-based business applications.


Specification Leads
Star Spec Lead Linda Demichiel Oracle
Expert Group
  Adam Bien Blevins, David
: David Blevins
Ericsson AB
: Peter Kristiansson
  Ericsson AB
: Erik van der Velden
Goncalves, Antonio
: Antonio Goncalves
: Soloman Barghouthi
  Ihns, Oliver
: Oliver Ihns
: Linda Demichiel
: Mike Keith
: Matthew Shinn
: Florent Benoit
Pramati Technologies
: Deepak Anupalli
  Rahman, Reza
: Reza Rahman
Red Hat
: Carlo de Wolf
Red Hat
: Gavin King
: Peter Peshev
Sun Microsystems, Inc.
: Linda DeMichiel
: Evan Ireland
  TmaxSoft, Inc.
: Miju Byon

Updates to the Original JSR

The following information has been updated from the original proposal:

The Maintenance Lead moved the JSR to JCP version 2.10.

The Maintenance Lead has changed from Marina Vatkina to Linda DeMichiel.

Maintenance Lead Member: Oracle America, Inc.

Maintenance Lead: Linda Demichiel

E-Mail Address:

Telephone Number: 1 408 276 7057

Fax Number: -


The Maintenance Lead has changed from Linda DeMichiel to Marina Vatkina.

Maintenance Lead Member: Oracle America, Inc.

Maintenance Lead:/b> Marina Vatkina

E-Mail Address:

Telephone Number: +1 408 276 5637

Fax Number: -


Maintenance Lead Member: Oracle America, Inc.

Maintenance Lead: Linda Demichiel

E-Mail Address:

Telephone Number: 1 408 276 7057

Fax Number: -

Original Java Specification Request (JSR)

Identification | Request | Contributions

Section 1. Identification

Submitting Member: SUN Microsystems

Name of Contact Person: Kenneth Saks

E-Mail Address:

Telephone Number: +1 703 229 4304

Fax Number: +1 408 276 7191

Specification Lead: Kenneth Saks

E-Mail Address:

Telephone Number: +1 703 229 4304

Fax Number: +1 408 276 7191

Initial Expert Group Membership:


Supporting this JSR:

# Tmax Soft
# JBoss (Red Hat Middleware LLC)
# Diamelle Technologies
# Oracle
# Pramati
# Hani Suleiman
# Sybase
# Apache
# OW2 Consortium
# Charlton Barreto
# Felipe Leme

Section 2: Request

2.1 Please describe the proposed Specification:

Enterprise JavaBeans is an architecture for the development and deployment of component-based business applications. Applications written using the Enterprise JavaBeans architecture are scalable,  transactional, and multi-user secure.

The Enterprise JavaBeans 3.0 specification focused on bringing ease-of-use to the EJB API. The purpose of the Enterprise JavaBeans 3.1 specification is to further simplify the EJB architecture by reducing its complexity from the developer's point of view, while also adding new functionality in response to the needs of the community.

The focus will be on the core session bean and message-driven bean component models and their client API. Although the Java Persistence API was developed within EJB 3.0, it will evolve under a separate JSR rather than within EJB 3.1.

Aspects that should be considered by the Expert Group for inclusion in this work include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • Removal of the requirement for a separate local business interface.
  • Support for direct use of EJBs in the servlet container, including simplified packaging options.
  • Singleton beans.
  • Support for asynchronous session bean invocation.
  • Support for stateful web services via stateful session bean web service endpoints.
  • Specification of concurrency options for stateful session beans.
  • Application-level callback notifications, including for container initialization and shutdown.
  • EJB Timer Service enhancements to support cron-like scheduling,  deployment-time timer creation, and stateful session bean timed objects.
  • An ejb-jar level component environment to simplify the specification of shared dependencies among components.
The goal of the Expert Group will be to investigate these issues and identify and pursue directions for enhancement to the overall programming model and facilities of the Enterprise JavaBeans API.

2.2 What is the target Java platform? (i.e., desktop, server, personal, embedded, card, etc.)

The target platform is Java EE.

2.3 The Executive Committees would like to ensure JSR submitters think about how their proposed technology relates to all of the Java platform editions. Please provide details here for which platform editions are being targeted by this JSR, and how this JSR has considered the relationship with the other platform editions.

The Enterprise JavaBeans architecture is specifically designed for the Java EE platform environment.

Should this JSR be voted on by both Executive Committees?

No. It should be voted on by the Java SE / EE Executive Committee only.

2.5 What need of the Java community will be addressed by the proposed specification?

The goal of the proposed specification is to address the needs of the Java community by augmenting the functionality of Enterprise JavaBeans to address requests received from the Java community for additional features.

2.6 Why isn't this need met by existing specifications?

See 2.5 above. These new features are specific to the Enterprise JavaBeans architecture, which does not yet provide them.

2.7 Please give a short description of the underlying technology or technologies:

See above.

2.8 Is there a proposed package name for the API Specification? (i.e., javapi.something, org.something, etc.)

The API specification will continue to use the javax.ejb package.

2.9 Does the proposed specification have any dependencies on specific operating systems, CPUs, or I/O devices that you know of?


2.10 Are there any security issues that cannot be addressed by the current security model?


2.11 Are there any internationalization or localization issues?


2.12 Are there any existing specifications that might be rendered obsolete, deprecated, or in need of revision as a result of this work?


2.13 Please describe the anticipated schedule for the development of this specification.

August 2007
Expert group formed
December 2007
Early Draft Review
April 2008
Public Review
Q4 2008
Final release.

2.14 Please describe the anticipated working model for the Expert Group working on developing this specification.

The primary means of communication will be email and conference calls. Face-to-face meetings will be scheduled if needed.

2.15 It is important to the success of the community and each JSR that the work of the Expert Group be handled in a manner which provides the community and the public with insight into the work the Expert Group is doing, and the decisions that the Expert Group has made. The Executive Committees would like to ensure Spec Leads understand the value of this transparency and ask that each JSR have an operating plan in place for how their JSR will address the involvement of the community and the public. Please provide your plan here, and refer to the Spec Lead Guide for a more detailed description and a set of example questions you may wish to answer in your plan.

The Expert Group will publish early drafts for review by the community at convenient points during the development of the specification.  The Expert Group will solicit feedback from the community via public fora(e.g., public presentations, blogs, and other online postings).

2.16 Please describe how the RI and TCK will de delivered, i.e. as part of a profile or platform edition, or stand-alone, or both. Include version information for the profile or platform in your answer.

Sun Microsystems will deliver a Reference Implementation (RI) and Technology Compatibility Kit (TCK) as part of Java EE 6.

2.17 Please state the rationale if previous versions are available stand-alone and you are now proposing in 2.13 to only deliver RI and TCK as part of a profile or platform edition (See sections 1.1.5 and 1.1.6 of the JCP 2 document).


2.18 Please provide a description of the business terms for the Specification, RI and TCK that will apply when this JSR is final.

Pursuant to Section 2.2.1 of the Java Community Process version 2.6, the following is a summary of Sun's anticipated principal license terms and conditions for the JSR, Enterprise JavaBeans (EJB), version 3.1. The business terms for EJB  3.1 have not changed from those for EJB 3.0 and they impose no new restrictions.

The EJB 3.1 Technology Compatibility Kit (TCK) will be available as part of the Java EE 6 Compatibility Test Suite (CTS). The EJB 3.1 Reference Implementation (RI) will be available as part of the Java EE 6 RI.

Non-Commercial Use
As required by the Java Specification Participation Agreement (JSPA), the EJB 3.1 TCK will be licensed at no charge without support to qualified not-for-profit entities as part of the Java EE 6 CTS. Such qualification will be verified by the Compatibility Testing Scholarship Program. Support may also be provided at no charge with approval of the scholarship board. For more information, please refer to:

The RI will be available as part of the Java EE 6 RI at no cost under an open source license.
Commercial Use
Covers all use that doesn't fall under "Non-Commercial Use" above.

RI and TCK

The EJB 3.1 TCK will be an integral part of the Java EE 6 CTS, and will be available at no extra charge to Java EE licensees under their Java EE business terms.

The EJB 3.1 RI will be made available as part of the Java EE 6 RI to Java EE licensees for such technology according to their Java EE business terms.

The RI will also be made available as part of the Java EE 6 RI at no cost under an open source license for commercial use.

Section 3: Contributions

3.1 Please list any existing documents, specifications, or implementations that describe the technology. Please include links to the documents if they are publicly available.

The EJB 3.0 Specification (JSR 220)

Java Platform, Enterprise Edition Specification Version 5

3.2 Explanation of how these items might be used as a starting point for the work.

The Simplified API specification and Core API specification from JSR 220 will be the starting point for this work.